International Journal of Business and Economics

International Journal of Business and Economics
Volume 17, No. 1

June, 2018
Analyzing the Optimal Level of Biotope Quality and Cost Planning for Sustainable Development in Regional Tourism: Study of B&B Houses in Taiwan
Chia-Han Yang
Institute of Creative Industries Design, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Ying-Chyi Chou
Department of Business Administration, Tunghai University, Taiwan
Van Thac Dang
Shantou University, Research Institute for Guangdong—Taiwan Business Cooperation, Guangdong, China
Jing-Shoung Hou
Department of Leisure and Recreation, National Formosa University, Taiwan
Chang-Chan Huang
Department of Landscape Architecture, Tunghai University, Taiwan
Ching-Hua Lu
Ph.D., Department of Management Science, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
This study explores the optimal relation between biotope quality and cost planning for sustainable development in regional tourism, utilizing cases of bed and breakfast (B&B) houses with real data in a national scenic area in central Taiwan to demonstrate the empirical validity of this study. We adopt the Biotope Area Factor (BAF) to measure a B&B environment's biotope quality and then analyze the optimal combination of B&B total surface by material planning and minimum cost through multiple objective programming (MOP). Results reveal that B&B houses without outdoor space and cost investment can hit the lower limit of a BAF target at low cost, but the cost increases by two times if they further raise their BAF target to a high level.
Keywords:sustainable development, Biotope Area Factor, multiple objective programming, bed and breakfast (B&B).